Good Practices in a PCB Fabrication

It is true that PCBs with excellent quality begins with the design and develops with the right raw materials. However, along the PCB fabrication processes, good practices are as important as perfecting the design. No matter how good the design of the PCB is, if the practices during the fabrication are substandard, the final output will be of low quality. We share to you the different good practices that every manufacturer should be adopting.

We analyze your data files:

The moment you send us your Gerber and Excellon files, we check for errors on the design. Of course, we trust your design but we still have to do this for final inspection. Our years of experience thought us to check on the data from our customers. This becomes our standard operating procedure so we could help minimize the errors when we test the PCBs before shipping. We collate those errors for future reference so that when we find that your design contains similar errors, we tell you about it.

Communication is important:

During the designing process of the PCB fabrication, we communicate whatever errors we find in your design. When we know that we cannot proceed with the fabrication if you do not rectify the errors, we coordinate the solutions. You may change the design and accept our suggestions. We may sound bossy but we are trying to help our consumers to the best of our abilities. A slight error in the design may result to a defective PCB. This includes a whole batch of PCBs.

PCB Fabrication Design

We test your PCBs:

Some manufacturers test only a sample in a batch. This method of testing is cost-efficient but may not yield the best results. Not all PCBs have the same errors. Therefore, to make sure that all of your PCBs are in good condition, we perform testing in all of your PCBs. However if the quantity of the PCBs are more than a hundred or more, testing all of them may not be practical for us. Thus, before we proceed with the mass-production of your PCBs, we create a prototype to see if the PCB design is accurate.

We inspect the quantity of the PCBs:

As final inspection steps, we count whether we fabricated the exact quantity of your order. Once we know that the PCBs are complete, we forward the items to the assembly units for placing of components. If you avail of our PCB fabrication services only, we transfer the PCBs to the packaging department.

In case that the final number does not conform to your order, we perform a top-up order so we could meet the deadline. Losing boards during the fabrication process is normal but this does not hinder us from providing quality service.

We check the dimensions and other related features of the PCBs:

PCB Fabrication Aside from counting the quantity, we check the final dimensions of the board. It should conform to the dimensions specified in your design. We also inspect if the holes are correct in diameter. We examine if the platings are done correctly, or if the solder masks are in top condition.

Usually, we perform tape test to make sure that the solder mask does not fall out. If no residue is apparent in the tape after sticking it to the PCB, the PCBs are ready for transfer to the assembly or packaging department.

We require certifications from our employees:

To ensure that we deliver the best PCBs, we require our employees to obtain certain certifications related to the PCB fabrication process. For example, our design engineers should have a certification in CAD system so that they could spot errors on the design data files. Our fabrication team undergoes training on how to operate a CNC machine or ink jet technology. Whether the employees are new or not, we require them to improve on their skills.

Every year, the PCB industry introduces new technologies in the process of making PCBs. To stay competitive, we ensure that our team has the necessary updates on their skills and knowledge.

We acquire the certifications from the government:

The government is very strict on hazardous chemicals. Therefore, we acquire the certifications to operate in an environment that exposes us to hazardous chemicals. We also use protective gears to safeguard our employees from prolonged exposure to chemicals and other hazards.

Quality PCBs starts with a good design but the PCB fabrication depends on the practices that a manufacturer adopts. To deliver excellent PCBs, we make sure to adhere to our company standards and follow the government rules on PCB handling and manufacturing. Our process is not perfect but we do our best to become excellent in all aspects of the fabrication and assembly process. We stay updated of all the new technologies. As much as possible, we adopt whatever new technologies we think adds value to our process and service. provides high quality printed circuit board fabrication and assembly. We ship PCB Prototypes the Same Day! INSTANT on-line quote and ordering.

Wide Collection of Custom Embroidered Patch Options only at

Embroidered PatchesWith custom embroidered patches, you can now express your fashionable personality anytime, anywhere! If you want to advertise your company or organization in a very attractive way, no problem! Just choose your desired patch design and you’re all good to go. Show your creative and imaginative side and choose the best designs with various collections of custom patch options. You’ll never run out of custom embroidered patch choices with the full range of styles, colour, and attachment choices that will surely suit any purpose you have in your mind. Here at, all your top quality patches needs is not a problem and will be made for you at a very reasonable price.

You can choose your custom patch attachment with several custom patch backing options. Traditional sew-on patch backing, Velcro backing, tape backing, button loops, plastic backing and iron-on backing are custom patch attachment that you can try. These options have certain uses and advantages to help you in an efficient way of promoting your purpose. It would not be a problem if you haven’t made your choice yet, since our talented design staffs will assist and guide you in choosing the right patch backing options for you.

If you want a sturdier backing option, plastic backing is the perfect choice! With the rigid plastic added to your embroidered patches, it will be harder for your patch to lose its shape even in constant use. Button loop is the easiest way of attaching your embroidered patch to your clothing. You don’t have to sew it on or stick it on to it. Just hang it to a lapel pin or any button in your clothing and you’re custom patch is all set. For a quick and easy attachment of your custom embroidered patch, you can use the tape backing option. It is ideal for a quick change of clothing or outfit since it is flexible and easy to remove. You can also use the Iron-on patch backing option to position your patch in a more secure way. You just have to press an iron to it for few seconds and it will be permanently attached on to any clothing you want.

More custom patch options are available for you at the

If you want to make your custom embroidered patch flashy and eye-catching, metallic thread is ideal to add on your designs. You have the freedom of what metallic thread colour you want to put on your custom patches. If you plan to put up to seven colours, no worries! Without any additional charges, put metallic thread colours on your design as much as you want.

Various patch border options are also available to make your patches more attractive among others. This is ideal to highlight your desired design and add an aesthetic effect to it. Standard round edges can be used to give your embroidered patches a sheer and simpler look. You can also choose hot cut edge border for sharp and detailed edges. This option will make your design more noticeable and attractive to people. If you want to achieve an elegant and stylish look, marrow border would be the best option for you.

When it comes to pricing, you can never go wrong with Our custom patches’ price depends on the size of your patch. If you want to know the size of your patch, measure its width and length, add them together and divide it by two.

Here at, producing your custom embroidered patches is easier and faster than ever before. We use the 3-step system for a quick production and delivery of all your custom embroidered patches. Just send us your design and we will create a digital proof of it. Once you approved it, we will start manufacturing your embroidered patches right away and deliver it right at your doorstep. You can email us your designs with any of your desired PC format or any relevant artworks of it. We are very willing to take your designs and turn it to real quality custom patch products. So if you are in need of premium quality custom embroidered patches, send your designs now and we will be happy to provide all your custom patches needs.

From The Roman Empire To

Countless centuries ago, honorable soldiers of the Roman Empire who brought pride to their groups were presented with coins. These coins display the achievement and the triumph that they carry with their names. It is also recognized as a payment, together with other pieces of coins, for their commendable services. Centuries after that, these aforementioned coins were brought back to life when the First World War was ignited.

By the end of 1914, at least 1, 186,337 men had enlisted for World War I in the UK alone and certainly, many more have enlisted in other countries all around the world.

With the huge and growing figure counting the men in battle, it would have been highly challenging for them to recognize which soldier belonged to which service or battalion. In addition, the number of spies during the First World War and their tactics had been advancing to great levels. Without careful identification and recognition, it becomes easier for them to camouflage among the official men of a certain battalion. Fortunately, these problems were solved by a certain kind of coin called the “challenge coin”.

These “challenge coins” provided member recognition through the imprinted insignia on the surface of the coin and they also came with the traditional challenge – usually depending on the unit commander. These challenges were meant to exercise their morale as a group and discipline in following the rules. Moreover, these challenges were applicable only to the members of the unit who were officially in possession of their challenge coins.

Challenge Coin

Despite this rule, cases of challenges presented from a certain unit to a different one were reported, resulting to controversy. With that, challenge coins were regarded with more importance than before. These started to aim to remove the aforementioned conflict among groups.

The challenge coins did not only successfully fulfill their purpose of identifying members and presenting challenges for the unit’s morale, but they were also able to provide recreation or entertainment through the friendly competition these brought to the soldiers who were miles away from home and who were with minimal sources of entertainment. The soldiers have designed a little game wherein they must thrive to steal another member’s challenge coin for the victory will result to the whole group buying drinks for the winner.

Likewise, the member holding the highest rank – measured by the value of their acquired challenge coins – will receive the privilege of getting free drinks bought by the other members.

challenge coins

Today, several military groups all around the world are still using the challenge coins. However, they are not strictly made for the mentioned purposes. Custom challenge coins – like the ones that our clients order through – are useful for many different occasions. Different groups of people can even use these items.

For instance, politicians who are in the business of campaigning order custom challenge coins that their supporters can wear as a symbol of their supporters’ loyalty. In addition, some of the orders we receive through come from organizations such as NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration), UNDP (United Nations Development Programme), and others. Even the government has their own custom challenge coins. Secret service agents, White house staff, and even the president’s personal valet receive their own coins during their time of service. This is, of course, designed for security and safety.

custom coinsIn line with this, our clients at also include business groups. Moreover, the police departments and fire departments from different parts of the world have been designing and wearing their own custom challenge coins to display the pride that comes with their job and the specific group they belong to. Schools and universities all over the world –widely recognized or not – likewise, are doing the same.

It is no secret that these challenge coins have been around for more than centuries, serving successfully different purposes. They are also starting to arise as traditional accessories for identification. Luckily, challenge coins can be acquired not only from shops, but also from the comfort of one’s own home through online companies such as ours,

Truly, challenge coins have provided great service through the centuries. Now, alternative uses for this product are yet to be discovered because they are here to stay.

Author Bio:
Challengecoins4less can help you decide the best design for your custom coins as well as guiding you in deciding the perfect colors. We offer a full range of great options to customize and protect your coins and make them a part of everyday life.

What Are The Parts Of A Golf Club?

A wide array of golf clubs is available for golf enthusiasts, catering both amateurs and professionals. The number of options can be confusing to some, and so here’s a rundown of the basic parts of a golf club and why they matter.

Golf clubs are made up of three components: the grip, the shaft, and the head.

The grip is essential to ensuring that the player obtains the right ‘feel’ to their club especially when making a strike. It comes in three designs: wraps, cords, and non-corded. Wraps are the cheapest, and are good in the rain and for people with sweaty hands.

GolfCorded grips are the most expensive, and are made of woven strands, incorporated with rubber. These are known to be ideal for all types of weather, as it can get rid of moisture from the environment and from the player’s hands. However, the material construction of several corded grips can hurt players in the long term. Non-corded grips are slowly keeping up by using grips made out of a special kind of rubber that can deal with moisture while providing a smoother and softer surface, which is kinder to the hands.

The shaft of most golf clubs is made of either steel or graphite. It is an extension of the arms of the player and is therefore highly dependent on the body structure and the type of play that a person has. Graphite is known for its lighter weight and allows for a certain ‘bowing’ during a swing, also called the ‘flex’. The flex also adds to the distance covered by the ball after a hit. Steel, on the other hand is stiffer, and does not flex when swinging, thus making it a better choice for people who are skilled with fast swings. It also tends to vibrate during impact, which may affect players differently as some favor this kind of vibration as an indicator of how efficiently they were able to hit the ball, while others feel uncomfortable with it. Steel shafts are recommended for experienced players who go for power and faster swings.

Because of its lighter weight and more player-friendly nature, graphite shafts are commonly recommended to women, beginners, people with joint problems or other handicaps, and people who would prefer slow swings with longer distances. Graphite shafts weigh half of most steel shafts, and are able to reduce the impact felt by the player with every swing. It is gaining more popularity in the recent years, as more developments for graphite shafts are now being made to cater for longer distances, though the extent of control is not yet at par with steel.

Golf clubsLastly, club heads are the heaviest part of golf clubs and have the most variety of materials to choose from because this makes direct contact with the ball during the strike. It is commonly made of steel, aluminum, titanium, zirconia, or Ti-alloys. The surface is lined with grooves to impart spin and remove moisture between the club head surface and the ball.

Aluminum is popular for long drives while steel is commonly used for iron heads. Titanium is the most expensive material for club heads because of its strength, durability and light weight. This is normally used for high-end club heads and professional players.

Titanium alloys are also gaining popularity for club heads due to its improved strength. However these cannot be compared to pure titanium club heads as these are really just aluminum club heads that were reinforced with small amounts of titanium. These types of alloys are best suited for beginners and junior golfers.

A balance in weight distribution, size, and style are all needed to come up with the perfect club head, and these all depend on the needs of the player. Together with the grip and the shaft, all these considerations have to be made when choosing the most ideal set of golf clubs.

Here are provides latest Golf Clubs with different types likes irons, putters, wedges, drivers and many more, they are specially designed for you to play better shots and swings.

What Makes A Good Motivational Speaker?

These days, motivational speakers seem to be a dime a dozen. In fact, many people claim that they are motivational speakers and put it in their resumes. Organizations are compelled to invite speakers during their events and gatherings in order to inspire and ignite people. However, choosing a good motivational speaker could be a challenge. This leads to the question of what are the characteristics of good motivational speakers.

Here are a few characteristics that should be considered when inviting the next speaker to a function or event:
1. Passion

Effective SpeakerMotivational speakers are able to speak with passion about a subject matter than they care about. The very reason why they were invited to speak is because they followed their passion, with excellent and inspiring results. When a motivational speaker speaks with passion, the air around him or her seems to vibrate with energy. When passionate people speak, listeners are usually spurred into action. Maybe some listeners do not act on a certain thing right away, but a powerful and passionate speaker will be able to hold their attention long enough to plant seeds of ideas into their hearts and minds. These ideas will spur them into action at a later time, and they will most likely remember that motivational speaker who spoke with passion and caused them to act.

2. Unique Point of View

This is a day and age of widespread information. People will more likely know what you are talking about because they already read about it online. Speakers shouldn’t assume that they have the monopoly of information because it isn’t the case anymore. Social media and the internet have seen to that.

What people respond to right now is a unique point of view and a fresh new way of looking at an issue. The topic that the motivational speaker is talking about might already be known to many people, but maybe they haven’t seen it from a different angle yet. That’s what the speaker should focus on. This is how they will capture their audience. Many people who have listened to great motivational speeches all agree that even if it is an old story, or information that is widely known, a good speaker will be able to make it seem fresh again.

People may not always agree with the speaker’s unique point of view, but at least the speaker is able to get their attention and they are able to think about an issue that need to be raised or acted upon.

3. Clear Message

Effective motivational speakers have a clear message. Listeners should be told within the first seconds of the speech what it is all about and what the goal is. Many speakers have the gift of gab and can sometimes be too talkative that they lose focus. They talk about a variety of topics that have nothing to do with the listeners and are not relevant to them. This is the best way to lose the audience’s interest.

But if the speech is focused, and the message is straight to the point, people are able to grasp the idea right away.

Sometimes the speech could even be about just one story. For instance, it could be about overcoming adversity or establishing one big thing or unexpectedly winning against the odds. A good speaker will be able to expand this one story and make it personal and applicable to everyone in the audience. The speaker may be able to get ideas that will specifically appeal to each audience member.

4. The Power of Possibility

Good motivational speakers have an air of possibility surrounding them. When they tell their remarkable and incredible stories, they don’t just make it about themselves. Good speakers have a way of telling the audience that it could happen to them, too. They could also make their dreams come true, they could also achieve impossible feats, and they could also be great.

Good motivational speakers are able to communicate that everything is possible and achievable. They are able to make even the most jaded member of the audience believe again.

It should be made clear that these are not motherhood statements or general motivation stories. Audience members also know when the speaker is “just pulling their arm.” People want to hear real and believable stories.

5. Lifelong Learner

A good motivational speaker is always delighted to learn new things and incorporate them in their speeches. The reason why they are so effective is because they never stop learning. They do not speak in front of an audience and claim that they are experts. In fact, the charm of good motivational speakers is their self-deprecating humor. They show the audience that they are also human and that they have their struggles as well.

They show the audience by example that they constantly seek new knowledge and experiences in order to enrich themselves.

HCG Injections

Many people wonder whether HCG injections are effective. The idea of injecting HCG into a dieter as a means helping facilitate weight loss is nothing new. The notion first came into public awareness in the 1950s, thanks to the work of Dr. Simeons. He was the doctor who postulated–and then proved–that dieters could reduce their calorie intake to as low as 500 per day and yet feel no hunger pangs, so long as HCG supplements were administered. HCG therapy is also known nowadays os Simeons therapy (in honour of the good doctor) and it is still popular among people seeking to lose weight quickly and effectively.

The HCG hormone occurs in the body naturally. It is most prevalent in the placenta of pregnant females, where its function is to help a woman’s body metabolize her fat stores more efficiently. The extra energy released is then used by the developing fetus in order to help meet its significant energy requirements. It was the idea that, since HCG helps pregnant women burn off their fat stores more efficiently, then perhaps that same hormone could be administered to obese people to help them burn off their excess fat stores, too. Because HCG is also known to help suppress one’s appetite, the hormone therapy has been coupled with a very low calorie diet (500 calories per day) in order to maximize weight loss while also minimizing the potential side effects of such a severe calorie restriction: vertigo; nausea; headaches, and hunger pains. Many experts have also asserted that, among dieters who restrict their caloric intake severely, those who use HCG supplements tend to lose more weight than dieters who do not.

HCG supplements can be created in a laboratory. Synthetic versions are available for those who desire to use them. HCG has also been used as a treatment for infertility.

hcgWhether in the form of injections or oral drops, HCG is best administered by a doctor and used in conjunction with a very low calorie diet in order to promote weight loss. Anyone seeking to use HCG as a weight loss supplement should be prepared to work very closely with their doctor in order to make sure that the weight loss happens safely and that the dieter’s long term health is not compromised in any way.

Although HCG is becoming one of the popular weight loss supplement s among dieters across the globe, there are potential risks that each dieter must face before beginning use of the HCG hormone. On the one hand, it is true that a person can lose amazing amounts weight very quickly when using this product. At a rate of two pounds per day, the HCG diet can produce results similar to weight-loss surgery, and it can do so without the risks associated with going under the knife.